How to shuffle an array python

What's the easiest way to shuffle an array with python?

How to shuffle an array python


30.1k26 gold badges87 silver badges98 bronze badges

asked Jan 23, 2009 at 18:34


import random

answered Jan 23, 2009 at 18:37

How to shuffle an array python

David ZDavid Z

124k26 gold badges249 silver badges275 bronze badges


import random

answered Jan 23, 2009 at 18:38

Douglas LeederDouglas Leeder

51.1k9 gold badges91 silver badges136 bronze badges


Alternative way to do this using sklearn

from sklearn.utils import shuffle
y = ['one', 'two', 'three']
X, y = shuffle(X, y, random_state=0)


[2, 1, 3]
['two', 'one', 'three']

Advantage: You can random multiple arrays simultaneously without disrupting the mapping. And 'random_state' can control the shuffling for reproducible behavior.

answered Jul 24, 2017 at 3:30

How to shuffle an array python

Qy ZuoQy Zuo

2,40422 silver badges21 bronze badges


The other answers are the easiest, however it's a bit annoying that the random.shuffle method doesn't actually return anything - it just sorts the given list. If you want to chain calls or just be able to declare a shuffled array in one line you can do:

    import random
    def my_shuffle(array):
        return array

Then you can do lines like:

    for suit in my_shuffle(['hearts', 'spades', 'clubs', 'diamonds']):

answered Dec 20, 2011 at 22:05

Mark RhodesMark Rhodes

9,7834 gold badges46 silver badges51 bronze badges


Just in case you want a new array you can use sample:

import random
new_array = random.sample( array, len(array) )

How to shuffle an array python

answered Mar 29, 2017 at 18:37

How to shuffle an array python

Charlie ParkerCharlie Parker

11.4k41 gold badges160 silver badges267 bronze badges

When dealing with regular Python lists, random.shuffle() will do the job just as the previous answers show.

But when it come to ndarray(numpy.array), random.shuffle seems to break the original ndarray. Here is an example:

import random
import numpy as np
import numpy.random

a = np.array([1,2,3,4,5,6])
a.shape = (3,2)
print a
random.shuffle(a) # a will definitely be destroyed
print a

Just use: np.random.shuffle(a)

Like random.shuffle, np.random.shuffle shuffles the array in-place.


9,66815 gold badges49 silver badges81 bronze badges

answered Oct 28, 2013 at 9:23

Shuai ZhangShuai Zhang

1,9413 gold badges21 silver badges23 bronze badges


You can sort your array with random key

sorted(array, key = lambda x: random.random())

key only be read once so comparing item during sort still efficient.

but look like random.shuffle(array) will be faster since it written in C

this is O(log(N)) btw

answered Sep 21, 2018 at 18:37

How to shuffle an array python


13k5 gold badges57 silver badges81 bronze badges


In addition to the previous replies, I would like to introduce another function.

numpy.random.shuffle as well as random.shuffle perform in-place shuffling. However, if you want to return a shuffled array numpy.random.permutation is the function to use.

answered Nov 18, 2016 at 9:55

How to shuffle an array python


1942 silver badges8 bronze badges

I don't know I used random.shuffle() but it return 'None' to me, so I wrote this, might helpful to someone

def shuffle(arr):
    for n in range(len(arr) - 1):
        rnd = random.randint(0, (len(arr) - 1))
        val1 = arr[rnd]
        val2 = arr[rnd - 1]

        arr[rnd - 1] = val1
        arr[rnd] = val2

    return arr

answered Jan 17, 2017 at 11:09


1,6872 gold badges14 silver badges19 bronze badges


# arr = numpy array to shuffle

def shuffle(arr):
    a = numpy.arange(len(arr))
    b = numpy.empty(1)
    for i in range(len(arr)):
        sel = numpy.random.random_integers(0, high=len(a)-1, size=1)
        b = numpy.append(b, a[sel])
        a = numpy.delete(a, sel)
    b = b[1:].astype(int)
    return arr[b]

How to shuffle an array python


18.9k17 gold badges77 silver badges99 bronze badges

answered Nov 14, 2018 at 15:41

Be aware that random.shuffle() should not be used on multi-dimensional arrays as it causes repetitions.

Imagine you want to shuffle an array along its first dimension, we can create the following test example,

import numpy as np
x = np.zeros((10, 2, 3))

for i in range(10):
   x[i, ...] = i*np.ones((2,3))

so that along the first axis, the i-th element corresponds to a 2x3 matrix where all the elements are equal to i.

If we use the correct shuffle function for multi-dimensional arrays, i.e. np.random.shuffle(x), the array will be shuffled along the first axis as desired. However, using random.shuffle(x) will cause repetitions. You can check this by running len(np.unique(x)) after shuffling which gives you 10 (as expected) with np.random.shuffle() but only around 5 when using random.shuffle().

answered Feb 21, 2020 at 14:01

How to shuffle an array python

Wise CloudWise Cloud

4014 silver badges5 bronze badges

How do you shuffle an array value in Python?

Shuffle an Array in Python Using the random. The random. shuffle() method takes a sequence as input and shuffles it. The important thing to note here is that the random. shuffle() does not return a new sequence as output but instead shuffles the original sequence.

How can I shuffle an array?

Write the function shuffle(array) that shuffles (randomly reorders) elements of the array. Multiple runs of shuffle may lead to different orders of elements. For instance: let arr = [1, 2, 3]; shuffle(arr); // arr = [3, 2, 1] shuffle(arr); // arr = [2, 1, 3] shuffle(arr); // arr = [3, 1, 2] // ...

How do you shuffle in Python?

To shuffle strings or tuples, use random. sample() , which creates a new object. random. sample() returns a list even when a string or tuple is specified to the first argument, so it is necessary to convert it to a string or tuple.

How do you shuffle two arrays in Python?

Use the syntax array[p] with p as the previous result to shuffle array based on p ..
array1 = np. array([[1, 1], [2, 2], [3, 3]]).
array2 = np. array([1, 2, 3]).
shuffler = np. random. permutation(len(array1)).

Tải thêm tài liệu liên quan đến bài viết How to shuffle an array python