What time is the solar eclipse 2023?

Solar eclipse of October 14, 2023

What time is the solar eclipse 2023?

Map

Type of eclipse
NatureAnnular
Gamma0.3753
Magnitude0.952
Maximum eclipse
Duration317 sec (5 m 17 s)
Coordinates11°24′N 83°06′W / 11.4°N 83.1°W
Max. width of band187 km (116 mi)
Times (UTC)
Greatest eclipse18:00:41
References
Saros134 (44 of 71)
Catalog # (SE5000)9560

An annular solar eclipse will occur on Saturday, October 14, 2023. A solar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes between Earth and the Sun, thereby totally or partly obscuring the image of the Sun for a viewer on Earth. An annular solar eclipse occurs when the Moon's apparent diameter is smaller than the Sun's, blocking most of the Sun's light and causing the Sun to look like an annulus (ring). An annular eclipse appears as a partial eclipse over a region of the Earth thousands of kilometres or miles wide. This will be the second annular eclipse visible from Albuquerque in 11 years, where it crosses the path of the May 2012 eclipse. Occurring only 4.6 days after apogee (Apogee on October 10, 2023), the moon's apparent diameter will be smaller. It also coincides with the last day of the Albuquerque Balloon Fiesta.

Future total solar eclipses will cross the United States in April 2024 (12 states) (Saros 139, Ascending Node) and August 2045 (10 states) (Saros 136, Descending Node), and an annular solar eclipse will occur in June 2048 (9 states) (Saros 128, Descending Node).

Visibility[edit]

United States[edit]

The path of the eclipse will begin to cross the United States in Oregon, entering at Dunes City, and passing over Newport, Crater Lake National Park, Umpqua and Fremont National Forests, Eugene, and Medford.[1] After passing over the northeast corner of California (in the Modoc National Forest), it will travel through Nevada (passing over Black Rock Desert, Winnemucca and Elko) and Utah (passing over Fishlake National Forest, Canyonlands National Park, Glen Canyon National Recreation Area, and Bluff).[1] After that, it will cover the northeast corner of Arizona (including Kayenta) and the southwest corner of Colorado (including Cortez and the Ute Mountain Reservation).[1] In New Mexico, it will pass over Farmington, Albuquerque, Santa Fe, Roswell and Carlsbad.[1] Afterwards, it will enter Texas, passing over Midland, Odessa, San Angelo, San Antonio and Corpus Christi before entering the Gulf of Mexico.[1]

Mexico[edit]

In Mexico, the eclipse will pass over the Yucatan Peninsula, covering Campeche City in Campeche State, Oxkutzcab in Yucatan State (coming close to Mérida), and Chetumal in Quintana Roo.[1]

Central America[edit]

In Belize, the eclipse will pass over Belmopan and Belize City before leaving land again; when it re-enters in Honduras, it will pass over La Ceiba and Catacamas, and in Nicaragua it will pass over Bluefields.[1] The point of greatest eclipse will occur near the coast of Nicaragua.[1] After that, in Costa Rica it will pass over Limon, and in Panama it will pass over Santiago and come close to Panama City. Its point of greatest duration will occur just off the coast of Nata, Panama.[1]

South America[edit]

In South America, the eclipse will enter Colombia from the Pacific Ocean and pass over Pereira, Armenia, Cali, Ibagué and Neiva.[1] In Brazil, it will pass over the states of Amazonas (covering Fonte Boa, Tefé and Coari), Pará (covering Parauapebas and Xinguara), Tocantins (Araguaína) Maranhão (Balsas), Piauí (Picos), Ceará (Juazeiro do Norte), Pernambuco (Araripina), Paraíba (João Pessoa) and Rio Grande do Norte (Natal) before ending in the Atlantic Ocean.[1]

Images[edit]

What time is the solar eclipse 2023?

Animated path

[edit]

Tzolkinex[edit]

  • Preceded: Solar eclipse of September 1, 2016
  • Followed: Solar eclipse of November 25, 2030

Tritos[edit]

  • Preceded: Solar eclipse of November 13–14, 2012
  • Followed: Solar eclipse of September 12, 2034

Half-Saros cycle[edit]

  • Preceded: Lunar eclipse of October 8, 2014
  • Followed: Lunar eclipse of October 18, 2032

Solar Saros 134[edit]

  • Preceded: Solar eclipse of October 3, 2005
  • Followed: Solar eclipse of October 24–25, 2041

Inex[edit]

  • Preceded: Solar eclipse of November 3, 1994
  • Followed: Solar eclipse of September 22–23, 2052

Triad[edit]

  • Preceded: Solar eclipse of December 13–14, 1936
  • Followed: Solar eclipse of August 15, 2110

Eclipses of 2023[edit]

  • A hybrid solar eclipse on April 20.
  • A penumbral lunar eclipse on May 5.
  • An annular solar eclipse on October 14.
  • A partial lunar eclipse on October 28.

Solar eclipses of 2022–2025[edit]

This eclipse is a member of a semester series. An eclipse in a semester series of solar eclipses repeats approximately every 177 days and 4 hours (a semester) at alternating nodes of the Moon's orbit.[2]

Solar eclipse series sets from 2022–2025
Ascending node   Descending node
SarosMapGamma SarosMapGamma
119
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Partial from Santiago, Chile
2022 April 30
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Partial
-1.19008 124
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Partial from Saratov, Russia
2022 October 25
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Partial
1.07014
129 2023 April 20
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Hybrid
-0.39515 134 2023 October 14
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Annular
0.37534
139 2024 April 8
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Total
0.34314 144 2024 October 2
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Annular
-0.35087
149 2025 March 29
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Partial
1.04053 154 2025 September 21
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Partial
-1.06509

Saros 134[edit]

It is a part of Saros cycle 134, repeating every 18 years, 11 days, containing 71 events. The series started with partial solar eclipse on June 22, 1248. It contains total eclipses from October 9, 1428 through December 24, 1554 and hybrid eclipses from January 3, 1573 through June 27, 1843, and annular eclipses from July 8, 1861 through May 21, 2384. The series ends at member 71 as a partial eclipse on August 6, 2510. The longest duration of totality was 1 minutes, 30 seconds on October 9, 1428. All eclipses in this series occurs at the Moon’s descending node.[3]

Series members 32–48 occur between 1801 and 2100:
32 33 34
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June 6, 1807
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June 16, 1825
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June 27, 1843
35 36 37
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July 8, 1861
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July 19, 1879
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July 29, 1897
38 39 40
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August 10, 1915
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August 21, 1933
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September 1, 1951
41 42 43
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September 11, 1969
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September 23, 1987
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October 3, 2005
44 45 46
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October 14, 2023
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October 25, 2041
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November 5, 2059
47 48
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November 15, 2077
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November 27, 2095

Inex series[edit]

This eclipse is a part of the long period inex cycle, repeating at alternating nodes, every 358 synodic months (≈ 10,571.95 days, or 29 years minus 20 days). Their appearance and longitude are irregular due to a lack of synchronization with the anomalistic month (period of perigee). However, groupings of 3 inex cycles (≈ 87 years minus 2 months) comes close (≈ 1,151.02 anomalistic months), so eclipses are similar in these groupings.

Inex series members between 1901 and 2100:
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January 3, 1908
(Saros 130)
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December 13, 1936
(Saros 131)
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November 23, 1965
(Saros 132)
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November 3, 1994
(Saros 133)
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October 14, 2023
(Saros 134)
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September 22, 2052
(Saros 135)
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September 3, 2081
(Saros 136)

Tritos series[edit]

This eclipse is a part of a tritos cycle, repeating at alternating nodes every 135 synodic months (≈ 3986.63 days, or 11 years minus 1 month). Their appearance and longitude are irregular due to a lack of synchronization with the anomalistic month (period of perigee), but groupings of 3 tritos cycles (≈ 33 years minus 3 months) come close (≈ 434.044 anomalistic months), so eclipses are similar in these groupings.

Series members between 1901 and 2100
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September 21, 1903
(Saros 123)
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August 21, 1914
(Saros 124)
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July 20, 1925
(Saros 125)
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June 19, 1936
(Saros 126)
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May 20, 1947
(Saros 127)
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April 19, 1958
(Saros 128)
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March 18, 1969
(Saros 129)
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February 16, 1980
(Saros 130)
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January 15, 1991
(Saros 131)
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December 14, 2001
(Saros 132)
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November 13, 2012
(Saros 133)
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October 14, 2023
(Saros 134)
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September 12, 2034
(Saros 135)
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August 12, 2045
(Saros 136)
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July 12, 2056
(Saros 137)
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June 11, 2067
(Saros 138)
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May 11, 2078
(Saros 139)
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April 10, 2089
(Saros 140)
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March 10, 2100
(Saros 141)

Metonic series[edit]

The metonic series repeats eclipses every 19 years (6939.69 days), lasting about 5 cycles. Eclipses occur in nearly the same calendar date. In addition, the octon subseries repeats 1/5 of that or every 3.8 years (1387.94 days). All eclipses in this table occur at the Moon's descending node.[4]

Octon series with 21 events between May 21, 1993 and August 2, 2065
May 20–21 March 8–9 December 25–26 October 13–14 August 1–2
98 100 102 104 106
May 21, 1955 March 9, 1959 December 26, 1962 October 14, 1966 August 2, 1970
108 110 112 114 116
May 21, 1974 March 9, 1978 December 26, 1981 October 14, 1985 August 1, 1989
118 120 122 124 126
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May 21, 1993
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March 9, 1997
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December 25, 2000
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October 14, 2004
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August 1, 2008
128 130 132 134 136
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May 20, 2012
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March 9, 2016
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December 26, 2019
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October 14, 2023
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August 2, 2027
138 140 142 144 146
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May 21, 2031
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March 9, 2035
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December 26, 2038
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October 14, 2042
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August 2, 2046
148 150 152 154 156
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May 20, 2050
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March 9, 2054
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December 26, 2057
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October 13, 2061
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August 2, 2065
158 160 162 164 166
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May 20, 2069
March 8, 2073 December 26, 2076 October 13, 2080 August 1, 2084

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k NASA – Annular Solar Eclipse of 2023 Oct 14
  2. ^ van Gent, R.H. "Solar- and Lunar-Eclipse Predictions from Antiquity to the Present". A Catalogue of Eclipse Cycles. Utrecht University. Retrieved 6 October 2018.
  3. ^ "NASA - Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 134". eclipse.gsfc.nasa.gov.
  4. ^ Note S1: Eclipses & Predictions in Freeth, Tony (2014). "Eclipse Prediction on the Ancient Greek Astronomical Calculating Machine Known as the Antikythera Mechanism". PLOS ONE. 9 (7): e103275. Bibcode:2014PLoSO...9j3275F. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0103275. PMC 4116162. PMID 25075747.

  • Earth visibility chart and eclipse statistics Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, NASA/GSFC
    • Google interactive map
    • Besselian elements
  • NationalEclipse.com An educational site with overviews, maps, city data, events, animations, merchandise, historical information, and other resources for the 2023 eclipse and others.
  • Eclipse2024.org An educational site with comprehensive eclipse information, an eclipse simulator and other resources for the 2023 and 2024 solar eclipses.

Where is the best place to see the 2023 eclipse?

San Antonio and Corpus Christi, Texas San Antonio is the biggest city in the path of the 2023 solar eclipse with the entire event visible from the city and many of its suburbs.

What 13 states will see the total eclipse in 2023?

National Eclipse In the U.S., the path of annularity will cross over Oregon, California, Nevada, Idaho, Utah, Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico, and Texas. In Central America, the path of annularity will cross over Mexico, Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and Panama.

Where can I see the solar eclipse in 2023?

On Oct. 14, 2023, an annular solar eclipse will cross North, Central, and South America. Visible in parts of the United States, Mexico, and many countries in South and Central America, millions of people in the Western Hemisphere can experience this eclipse.

Where is the eclipse on April 2023?

The Hybrid Solar Eclipse of 2023 Apr 20 is visible from the following geographic regions: Partial Eclipse: southeast Asia, East Indies, Australia, Philippines, New Zealand. Hybrid Eclipse: Australia, Timor-Leste, Indonesia (West Papua and Papua)

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