How do you mask an image in python?

The other answers did not work for me. Back then, I spent so much time to find a good masking function. Here are two simple answers with numpy only.

import numpy as np

arr = np.arange(27).reshape(3,3,3) #3 channel image
mask = np.zeros(shape=(3,3))
mask[1,1] = 1 # binary mask
mask_3d = np.stack((mask,mask,mask),axis=0) #3 channel mask

## Answer 1
# Simply multiply the image array with the mask

masked_arr = arr*mask_3d

## Answer 2
# Use the where function in numpy

masked_arr = np.where(mask_3d==1,arr,mask_3d)

#Both answer gives
print(masked_arr)

array([[[ 0.,  0.,  0.],
        [ 0.,  4.,  0.],
        [ 0.,  0.,  0.]],

       [[ 0.,  0.,  0.],
        [ 0., 13.,  0.],
        [ 0.,  0.,  0.]],

       [[ 0.,  0.,  0.],
        [ 0., 22.,  0.],
        [ 0.,  0.,  0.]]])

In this tutorial, you will learn how to mask images using OpenCV.

How do you mask an image in python?

My previous guide discussed bitwise operations, a very common set of techniques used heavily in image processing.

And as I hinted previously, we can use both bitwise operations and masks to construct ROIs that are non-rectangular. This allows us to extract regions from images that are of completely arbitrary shape.

Put simply; a mask allows us to focus only on the portions of the image that interests us.

For example, let’s say that we were building a computer vision system to recognize faces. The only part of the image we are interested in finding and describing is the parts of the image that contain faces — we simply don’t care about the rest of the image’s content. Provided that we could find the faces in the image, we may construct a mask to show only the faces in the image.

Another image masking application you’ll encounter is alpha blending and transparency (e.g., in this guide on Creating GIFs with OpenCV). When applying transparency to images with OpenCV, we need to tell OpenCV what parts of the image transparency should be applied to versus not — masks allow us to make that distinction.

To learn how to perform image masking with OpenCV, just keep reading.

In the first part of this tutorial, we’ll configure our development environment and review our project structure.

We’ll then implement a Python script to mask images with OpenCV.

Configuring your development environment

To follow this guide, you need to have the OpenCV library installed on your system.

Luckily, OpenCV is pip-installable:

$ pip install opencv-contrib-python

If you need help configuring your development environment for OpenCV, I highly recommend that you read my pip install OpenCV guide — it will have you up and running in a matter of minutes.

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How do you mask an image in python?
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Project structure

Performing image masking with OpenCV is easier than you think. But before we write any code, let’s first review our project directory structure.

Start by using the “Downloads” section of this guide to access the source code and example image.

Your project folder should look like the following:

$ tree . --dirsfirst
.
├── adrian.png
└── opencv_masking.py

0 directories, 2 files

Our opencv_masking.py script will load the input adrian.png image from disk. We’ll then use masking to extract both the body and face from the image using rectangular and circular masks, respectively.

Implementing image masking with OpenCV

Let’s learn how to apply image masking using OpenCV!

Open the opencv_masking.py file in your project directory structure, and let’s get to work:

# import the necessary packages
import numpy as np
import argparse
import cv2

# construct the argument parser and parse the arguments
ap = argparse.ArgumentParser()
ap.add_argument("-i", "--image", type=str, default="adrian.png",
	help="path to the input image")
args = vars(ap.parse_args())

Lines 2-4 import our required Python packages. We then parse our command line arguments on Lines 7-10.

We only need a single switch here, --image, which is the path to the image we want to mask. We go ahead and default the --image argument to the adrian.png file in our project directory.

Let’s now load this image from disk and perform masking:

# load the original input image and display it to our screen
image = cv2.imread(args["image"])
cv2.imshow("Original", image)

# a mask is the same size as our image, but has only two pixel
# values, 0 and 255 -- pixels with a value of 0 (background) are
# ignored in the original image while mask pixels with a value of
# 255 (foreground) are allowed to be kept
mask = np.zeros(image.shape[:2], dtype="uint8")
cv2.rectangle(mask, (0, 90), (290, 450), 255, -1)
cv2.imshow("Rectangular Mask", mask)

# apply our mask -- notice how only the person in the image is
# cropped out
masked = cv2.bitwise_and(image, image, mask=mask)
cv2.imshow("Mask Applied to Image", masked)
cv2.waitKey(0)

Lines 13 and 14 load the original image from disk and display it to our screen:

How do you mask an image in python?
Figure 2: Loading our input image from disk.

We then construct a NumPy array, filled with zeros, with the same width and height as our original image on Line 20.

As I mentioned in our previous tutorial on Image cropping with OpenCV, we can use object detection methods to detect objects/people in images automatically. Still, we’ll be using our a priori knowledge of our example image for the time being.

We know that the region we want to extract is in the image’s bottom-left corner. Line 21 draws a white rectangle on our mask, which corresponds to the region we want to extract from our original image.

Remember reviewing the cv2.bitwise_and function in our bitwise operations tutorial? It turns out that this function is used extensively when applying masks to images.

We apply our mask on Line 26 using the cv2.bitwise_and function.

The first two parameters are the image itself (i.e., the image where we want to apply the bitwise operation).

However, the important part of this function is the mask keyword. When supplied, the bitwise_and function is True when the pixel values of the input images are equal, and the mask is non-zero at each (x, y)-coordinate (in this case, only pixels that are part of the white rectangle).

After applying our mask, we display the output on Lines 27 and 28, which you can see in Figure 3:

How do you mask an image in python?
Figure 3: Left: Constructing a rectangular mask. Right: Applying the rectangular mask to the image with OpenCV.

Using our rectangular mask, we could extract only the region of the image that contains the person and ignore the rest.

Let’s look at another example, but this time using a non-rectangular mask:

# now, let's make a circular mask with a radius of 100 pixels and
# apply the mask again
mask = np.zeros(image.shape[:2], dtype="uint8")
cv2.circle(mask, (145, 200), 100, 255, -1)
masked = cv2.bitwise_and(image, image, mask=mask)

# show the output images
cv2.imshow("Circular Mask", mask)
cv2.imshow("Mask Applied to Image", masked)
cv2.waitKey(0)

On Line 32, we re-initialize our mask to be filled with zeros and the same dimensions as our original image.

Then, we draw a white circle on our mask image, starting at the center of my face with a radius of 100 pixels.

Applying the circular mask is then performed on Line 34, again using the cv2.bitwise_and function.

The results of our circular mask can be seen in Figure 4:

How do you mask an image in python?
Figure 4: Left: Creating a circular mask. Right: Extracting the face from the input image using a circular mask instead of a rectangular one.

Here, we can see that our circle mask is shown on the left and the application of the mask on the right. Unlike the output from Figure 3, when we extracted a rectangular region, this time, we have extracted a circular region that corresponds to only my face in the image.

Furthermore, we can use this approach to extract regions from an image of arbitrary shape (rectangles, circles, lines, polygons, etc.).

OpenCV image masking results

To perform image masking with OpenCV, be sure to access the “Downloads” section of this tutorial to retrieve the source code and example image.

From there, open a shell and execute the following command:

$ python opencv_masking.py

Your masking output should match mine from the previous section.

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Summary

In this tutorial, you learned the basics of masking using OpenCV.

The key point of masks is that they allow us to focus our computation only on regions of the image that interest us. Focusing our computations on regions that interest us dramatically impacts when we explore topics such as machine learning, image classification, and object detection.

For example, let’s assume that we wanted to build a system to classify the species of the flower.

In reality, we are probably only interested in the flower petals’ color and texture to perform the classification. But since we are capturing the photo in a natural environment, we’ll also have many other regions in our image, including dirt from the ground, insects, and other flowers crowding the view. How will we quantify and classify just the flower we are interested in? As we’ll see, the answer is masks.

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How do you mask an image in python?

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How do you create a mask in Python?

To create a boolean mask from an array, use the ma. make_mask() method in Python Numpy. The function can accept any sequence that is convertible to integers, or nomask. Does not require that contents must be 0s and 1s, values of 0 are interpreted as False, everything else as True.

How do you mask an image?

Quick steps for creating a clipping mask: Select a text or graphic layer to fill with an image. Click Fill with image on the tool palette & choose an image. Select Edit image fill on the Text Tools panel. Adjust the image behind your text or shapes, then click Done.

How do you mask in image processing?

Using an image as a mask. A mask image is simply an image where some of the pixel intensity values are zero, and others are non-zero. Wherever the pixel intensity value is zero in the mask image, then the pixel intensity of the resulting masked image will be set to the background value (normally zero).

How do you create a binary mask of an image in Python?

import numpy as np arr = np. arange(27). reshape(3,3,3) #3 channel image mask = np. zeros(shape=(3,3)) mask[1,1] = 1 # binary mask mask_3d = np.

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